How is RD Interest Calculated?

RD (Recurring Deposit) is a popular investment option offered by banks and financial institutions. It allows individuals to deposit a fixed amount of money at regular intervals for a predetermined period, usually ranging from 6 months to 10 years. The interest on RD is calculated using a formula that takes into account several factors, including the deposit amount, tenure, and the interest rate offered by the bank.

The formula used to calculate the interest on RD is:

Interest = P * (n * (n + 1) * r) / (12 * 200)


  • P is the monthly installment or deposit amount
  • n is the tenure in months
  • r is the interest rate offered by the bank

To better understand how RD interest is calculated, let’s break down the formula and explore each component in detail.

  • Monthly Installment (P): The monthly installment is the fixed amount of money that an individual deposits into the RD account every month. The interest is calculated based on this installment. For example, if someone deposits $1,000 every month, P would be $1,000.
  • Tenure in Months (n): The tenure is the duration for which the individual wishes to invest in the RD account. It is typically expressed in months. For instance, if the tenure is 12 months, n would be 12.
  • Interest Rate (r): The interest rate is the rate at which the bank offers returns on the RD investment. It is usually expressed on an annual basis. For example, if the bank offers an interest rate of 8% per annum, r would be 8.

Now, let’s delve into the components of the formula:

n * (n + 1) * r: This part of the formula takes into account the tenure and the interest rate. By multiplying the tenure in months (n) with (n + 1) and then multiplying the result with the interest rate (r), we obtain a factor that influences the interest calculation.

12 * 200: The numbers 12 and 200 are constants used in the formula. 12 represents the number of months in a year, and 200 is a constant factor used to adjust the calculation to arrive at the interest amount.

Once we have all the values ready, we can plug them into the formula to calculate the interest. For example, let’s assume a monthly installment of $1,000, a tenure of 12 months, and an interest rate of 8% per annum:

Interest = 1,000 * (12 * (12 + 1) * 8) / (12 * 200) = 1,000 * (12 * 13 * 8) / (12 * 200) = 1,000 * 1.04 = $1,040

In this example, the interest earned on the RD investment would be $1,040.

It’s important to note that the actual interest earned may be subject to taxes and deductions as per the prevailing regulations in your jurisdiction. Therefore, it is advisable to consult with a financial advisor or the respective bank to understand the exact tax implications and deductions applicable to your RD investment.

Moreover, it’s worth mentioning that different banks and financial institutions may have variations in the method of calculating RD interest. It’s always recommended to refer to the specific terms and conditions provided by your bank for accurate calculations.

In conclusion, the interest on RD is calculated based on the monthly installment, the tenure in months, and the interest rate offered by the bank. By using the formula mentioned above, individuals can estimate the interest they can earn on their RD investments.

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